Cetrimide Test

Cetrimide Test- Principle, Procedure, Result Interpretation and Limitation 4.64/5 (14)

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Cetrimide Test- Principle, Procedure, Result Interpretation and Limitation

Cetrimide is a quaternary ammonium, cationic detergent that is toxic substance to most bacteria, except Pseudomonas aeruginosa and few other bacteria.

Principle

This test is used to determine the ability of an organism to grow in the presence of cetrimide, a toxic substance that inhibits the growth of many bacteria. When cetrimide is in contact with bacteria, nitrogen and phosphorus are released from the bacterial cell. Organisms, other than Pseudomonas aeruginosa and few other pseudomonads, are unable to withstand this germicidal activity. Growth is observed on the inoculated slant of agar medium containing cetrimide for a positive result. Magnesium chloride and potassium sulfate in the medium enhance the production of pyocyanin and pyoverdin by P. aeruginosa.

Media and Reagents used for Cetrimide Test

Following ingredients per liter of deionized water

Pancreatic digest of gelatin= 20g
K2SO4 =10g
MgCl2= 1.4g
Cetyltrimethylammonium bromide= 0.3g
Agar= 13.6g
Glycerine = 10ml

Procedure of Cetrimide Test

  1. Streak the cetrimide agar slant back and forth with inoculum picked from the center of well-isolated colony.
  2. Incubate aerobically at 35-37°C for up to 7 days.
  3. Observe for growth and pigment.
  4. If no pigment is visible, examine growth under UV light for the presence of fluorescein.
  5. If negative for pigment at 24 hr., incubate additional days at 25°C in the dark to enhance pigment production.

Result interpretation of Cetrimide test

 

Cetrimide Test

Positive: Growth seen. Optionally a yellow-green (fluorescein) to dark blue-green (pyocyanin) color may be observed.

Examples: Pseudomonas aeruginosa

Negative: No growth.

Examples: Escherichia coli

Quality control for Cetrimide test

Pseudomonas aeruginosa ATCC 27853- Growth

Escherichia coli ATCC 25922- Inhibited

Limitation of Cetrimide Test

  1. Growth on this medium alone is not sufficient for identification of Pseudomonas aeruginosa to the species level, since other non-glucose-fermenting species may grow.
  2. Lack of growth on cetrimide agar doesnot rule out an identification of Pseudomonas aeruginosa.

Cetrimide Test- Principle, Procedure, Result Interpretation and Limitation

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